The ethical behaviour of many professionals is regulated by codes of conduct. These codes tend to vary from one industry to another. Many of the regulations, though adjusted for each industry, are similar, however. Common ethics violations include mishandling of client funds, conflict of interest, and lapsed licensing.
In North America, there is a concern amongst some business owners, that by launching new employee work rules, specifically whistleblower hotlines and codes of conduct, that there may be an employee pushback, especially in unionized workplaces. There is a fear that a whistleblower's call to a workplace hotline triggers a separate cluster of legal issues, such as managing internal investigations, employee discipline and whistleblower retaliation. But North American employers, even unionized ones, that offer a stand-alone workplace whistleblower hotline to staff rarely face blowback. Indeed, offering employee report "procedures" affirmatively complies with a mandate in Sarbanes-Oxley and is a recommended "best practice" response to the Dodd-Frank whistleblower bounty.